The Situation of Refugees in the World
20th June was accepted as World Refugee Day all over the world by the United Nations (the UN) in 2001 and it was the 50th anniversary of the UN’s Convention which related to Refugees’ status. The UN’s statistic mentions that every minute 24 citizens in different countries escape their hometowns because of war, civil war, terror, and violence. For this reason, refugees are a significant topic all over the world. This short review is going to discuss the situation of refugees in different countries, specifically, it will focus on Syrian refugees who escaped their neighbourhoods after 2011 because of ongoing civil war in Syria.
According to Global Trends Global Displacement 2015 report, 65.3 million (40.8 million internally displaced people, 21.3 million refugees, 3.2 million asylum-seekers) individuals are forcibly displaced in the world. Unfortunately, more than half of the all refugee population (51%) is children under 18 years old. 54% of all refugees came from countries which have political and economic instability such as Syria (4.9 million), Afghanistan (2.7 million), Somalia (1.1 million), South Sudan (778.700), Sudan (628.800) and Congo (541.500). It seems that the total number of refugees originate from mostly Middle Eastern and African countries.
The report presents that Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, Iran, Ethiopia, and Jordan are the main host states for refugees. On the other hand, hosting does not enough to cover all problems of refugees because they face a variety of problems such as lack of basic human needs, discrimination, and violence when they migrate to other countries as a displaced person. For this reason, not only governments but also international/national non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and private sector should take action and find solutions for refugees. It is obvious that cooperation among NGOs, private sector and government is the key to solving difficulties of refugees all over the world. In addition to this, social and economic integration of the refugees is realised by the strong cooperation between different parties.
As mentioned below, Syrian refugees are the major displaced people in the world. Turkey hosts more than three million Syrian refugees; however, 90% of Syrian refugees in Turkey struggle to survive outside of the refugee camps. According to the United Nation’s report which was published in 2016, other neighbouring countries of Syria, for instance, Iraq (245.909), Lebanon (1.055.984), Egypt (119.301), Libya (28.027) and Jordan (638.633) also host almost 2 million Syrian refugees. Unfortunately, the European Union countries legally host around 1 million Syrian refugees between 2011-2016 but this number does not enough to provide housing right of refugees. According to statistics, 34% of Syrian refugees want to reach European states to live in a better condition via illegal ways and regrettably, some of them pass away.
Today is the day of empathising with refugees in the world because nobody wants to live outside of their hometown if there is a peaceful condition, basic human rights or enough resources. Recently, most of the displaced people work as a manual labourer and they are discriminated by local community all over the world. Furthermore, refugees do not have access basic human needs in some countries such as food, water, and protection. Particularly, governments should take more initiative to contribute the situation of refugees in a positive way via collaboration with private sector and NGOs. In fact, individuals lend assistance to refugees, for instance, people can open their houses and help financially for refugees.